As the year winds down and the chill of winter begins to touch the air, it’s time to turn your attention to the essential tasks of home upkeep. This comprehensive guide, specifically tailored for December, will provide all the necessary steps to ensure your home remains in peak condition throughout the coldest months. From winterizing your exterior to optimizing your interior for cozy warmth, this December home maintenance checklist is your go-to resource for preserving and protecting your biggest investment – your home.
As the topmost layer of defense against the elements, your roof bears the brunt of the harsh winter weather. A well-maintained roof is crucial in December to withstand the potential onslaught of snow, hail, and freezing temperatures. Start by visually inspecting your roof for any signs of damage or wear, such as missing, loose, or cracked shingles. Pay special attention to areas around skylights, chimneys, and plumbing vents, as these can be particularly vulnerable.
Next, clear your gutters of leaves and other debris. Clogged gutters can lead to water backup and ice dams, which can cause significant damage to your roof and home. Calling a professional roofing contractor is wise if you spot any serious or unsure issues. Residential roofers have the expertise and equipment to assess your roof safely and thoroughly and undertake any needed repairs.
If you live in an area prone to heavy snowfall, consider installing roof heating cables to prevent ice dams. These cables melt the snow and ice, preventing buildup and potential damage. Finally, ensure your attic insulation and ventilation are in good condition. Proper insulation and ventilation can help maintain a warmer roof surface and reduce the likelihood of ice dams forming.
Remember, proactive roof maintenance in December can prevent costly repairs in the future and ensure your home stays warm and dry throughout the winter months. So don’t neglect this essential task. This will be a key step in your December home maintenance checklist.
Plumbing and Sewer Maintenance
With its freezing temperatures, December can wreak havoc on your home’s plumbing system if it’s not properly maintained. Prevention is always better than cure, and this holds particularly true for plumbing repair and sewer maintenance. This section will delve into the critical aspects of your plumbing and sewer system that should be on your December home maintenance checklist.
A key task in your December plumbing maintenance is a thorough pipe inspection. Pipes, especially those in unheated areas of your home, like the garage, basement, or crawl spaces, are susceptible to freezing and bursting at low temperatures. Inspect these areas for any signs of leakage or cracks and apply foam pipe insulation as a preventative measure. This acts as a shield, reducing heat loss and protecting your pipes from freezing.
Next on the list is your sewer line. Winter can be harsh on sewer lines, especially if they’re already degraded or damaged. If necessary, an inspection and a sewer line repair are prudent in December. While this might seem daunting, modern technology like camera inspections makes the process less intrusive and more accurate, ensuring your sewer line is ready to handle the rigors of winter.
You should also keep up with plumbing repairs to avoid potential disasters. Fixing minor leaks, repairing or replacing damaged pipes, and checking your water heater for any issues can save you from costly emergency plumbing services. This will protect your home and help you save on utility bills, as a well-maintained plumbing system is more energy-efficient.
Lastly, don’t forget about your water heater. Regular inspection and timely repairs can help keep your water warm throughout the winter. Flush out any sediment buildup in the tank, inspect the heater for rust, and check the pressure relief valve to ensure it’s functioning properly.
Maintenance of plumbing fixtures, such as sinks, toilets, and showers, is also essential. Look for any slow drains indicating clogs, and fix any leaks to avoid water wastage. Remember, preventive maintenance in December can save you from a lot of potential messes and expensive repairs later. So, add plumbing and sewer maintenance to your December home maintenance checklist.
Heating System Maintenance
A well-functioning heating system is the cornerstone of a comfortable and cozy home during the chilly December months. Ensuring this system is in top form, ready to efficiently and reliably heat your home, is a crucial part of your December home maintenance checklist. This allows you to stay warm and comfortable while reducing your energy bills.
The first step in heating system maintenance is to replace or clean your furnace filters. A clogged or dirty filter restricts airflow, forcing your furnace to work harder and increasing energy bills. Regularly changing your filter is a simple step that can extend the life of your furnace and improve indoor air quality.
Next, consider scheduling a professional tune-up for your heating system. An HVAC contractor can thoroughly inspect your system, identifying and addressing heating repairs before they become significant problems. This can include checking for leaks, inspecting for rust or soot, testing for carbon monoxide leaks, and checking the burner’s efficiency.
Keeping a close eye on your oil tank is essential for those utilizing home heating oil. Check the tank’s oil level to ensure you won’t run out during the coldest days of winter. Also, stay updated about the heating oil price trends in your area. Sudden price spikes can impact your wallet, so consider locking in prices or filling your tank before the deep winter sets in.
If you have other heating alternatives, like a wood-burning fireplace or a pellet stove, ensure they’re ready for winter use. This may involve cleaning out ash and soot, inspecting for damage, and stocking up on wood or pellets. Remember to keep combustibles away from these heat sources to avoid fire hazards.
Lastly, don’t forget about your home’s thermostat. Checking its accuracy and programming it for energy savings can help maintain a comfortable home environment and reduce energy costs. Maintaining your heating system in December can ensure you’re greeted with a warm and cozy home each day, regardless of how cold it gets outside. So, don’t forget to add heating system maintenance to your December home maintenance checklist.
A home’s doors, specifically overhead garage doors, often make it to the December maintenance checklist due to frequent usage and exposure to harsh weather conditions. Maintaining these doors enhances your home’s security and functionality and contributes to its aesthetic appeal. It also prevents potential accidents and costly repairs.
The initial step in door maintenance is a thorough inspection. Look for signs of wear and tear, such as misalignment, fraying cables, broken springs or rollers, or any unusual noises when operating. These signs could indicate issues requiring immediate attention or professional overhead door repair.
Next, focus on cleaning the door tracks. Over time, these tracks can accumulate dust and debris that may impede the door’s operation. Use a soft cloth to wipe the inside and outside tracks, removing dirt or grime. Avoid harsh chemicals as they can corrode the metal tracks and cause damage.
Applying an appropriate lubricant to all moving parts, including hinges, springs, and rollers, is the third crucial task in your December door maintenance checklist. Regular lubrication keeps these elements running smoothly, preventing unnecessary strain and subsequent wear. Also, consider the condition of your door’s weather seal. This strip at the bottom of your door is crucial in keeping cold air, rain, and snow out of your garage. Inspect the weather seal for cracks or brittleness and replace it if necessary to ensure a tight seal.
In terms of aesthetics, check the door’s paintwork. Peeling or chipped paint can be an eyesore and expose your door to elements that might lead to rusting or other damage. Repainting your door enhances its appearance and provides extra protection against the harsh winter weather.
Finally, it’s worth considering the installation of an automated door opener if you don’t already have one. Automated openers add convenience, especially during the cold winter, saving you from manually lifting a heavy garage door. This can also provide an additional layer of security for your home.
Windows is a critical aspect of your December home maintenance checklist to maintain your home’s comfort and energy efficiency, especially during the frosty December months. Begin your window maintenance with a thorough inspection. Look for any signs of damage, such as cracks, drafts, or condensation between panes, which might indicate a broken seal. These issues can significantly affect your home’s heat retention and overall energy efficiency, so timely repairs or window replacement is crucial.
Next, check the weather stripping around your windows. Weather stripping can deteriorate over time, causing drafts and energy loss. Replace any worn or damaged weather stripping to ensure a tight seal against the chill of winter.
Don’t forget to clean your windows, too. Clean windows can drastically improve the natural light in your home, which can be particularly beneficial during shorter winter days. Use a mild, non-corrosive cleaner to maintain the clarity and longevity of your windows.
Lastly, if you have storm windows, December is the time to install them. These additional layers of protection against harsh winter weather can improve your home’s insulation and prevent drafts. So, if you haven’t already, add storm window installation to your December tasks.
Fireplace and Chimney Maintenance
Maintenance of your fireplace and chimney is essential to the December home maintenance checklist, especially if you plan to enjoy cozy fireside evenings. A clean, well-maintained fireplace works more efficiently. It ensures your family’s safety. Begin with visually inspecting your chimney from the outside. Look for any visible signs of damage, such as cracking, leaning, or missing bricks.
If you notice any such issues, enlist the help of a professional to assess and repair the damage as soon as possible. Inside, inspect your firebox for any signs of wear or damage. Check your damper as well—it should open and close smoothly. You may need to lubricate or repair it if it’s stiff or appears damaged.
One of the most critical aspects of fireplace and chimney maintenance is cleaning and removing soot and creosote buildup. Creosote, a byproduct of burning wood, is highly flammable and, if allowed to accumulate, can cause chimney fires. If you’re experienced, you can do a basic cleaning yourself. Still, having your chimney professionally cleaned and inspected annually is generally recommended.
If you use a gas fireplace, consider its maintenance. Check the gas logs for damage and ensure the gas lines are not blocked. You should also test your carbon monoxide detectors to ensure they function correctly, as gas fireplaces can sometimes leak carbon monoxide.
Lastly, don’t forget to stock up on quality firewood before it gets too cold. You should only burn seasoned hardwoods, which burn hotter and produce less creosote than softwoods. Store your firewood in a dry, protected area to keep it ready to burn.
Gutter and Downspout Maintenance
Keeping your home’s gutters and downspouts clear is vital to your December home maintenance checklist. During winter, gutters can be clogged with fallen leaves, debris, or snow, leading to water overflow or ice dams that can damage your home’s foundation, roof, and siding. Start by safely removing any debris from your gutters. You’ll need a sturdy ladder, a scoop or garden trowel, and a bucket for this task.
Start at the downspout and work towards the other end, scooping out any leaves, twigs, or other debris you find. Once you’ve cleared out the bulk of the debris, use a garden hose to flush out smaller particles and check the water flow. Make sure water is flowing freely and coming out of the downspout. You can use a plumber’s snake or a downspout cleaner tool to clear a blockage if the water is not draining properly.
Next, inspect your gutters and downspouts for any signs of damage, such as cracks, rust, or holes. Any significant issues should be repaired or replaced as soon as possible to prevent further damage. Lastly, consider installing gutter guards or a mesh screen on your gutters. These devices can help keep out leaves and other debris, reducing the time you spend on gutter cleaning in the future.
Remembering that a comprehensive December home maintenance checklist is essential to preparing your home for the winter months is crucial. Ongoing home maintenance might seem daunting, but taking the time to perform these checks and balances can save you from potential headaches and costly repairs in the future. Therefore, as winter knocks at the door, arm yourself with your December home maintenance checklist and ensure your home is ready to weather whatever the season might bring.